Description of Sri Sathya Sai Vocational Training Centres

There is a wide variety and range regarding almost every aspect of the functioning of VTCs. Geographically, for example, the VTCs are situated in villages, small towns, district headquarters and metro cities like Chennai and Hyderabad. Some have a handful of trainees per batch while others have a few hundreds. Some are new and have run a few batches as of December 2019, while others have been running for several years and have run more than 100 batches. The duration of courses also varies greatly – from a minimum of 10 days to a few that run for 6-9 months.


The Collaborative Model: Bired – Andhra Pradesh And Telangana

Sri Sathya Sai Seva Organisations in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana have been collaborating with the Bankers Institute of Rural and Entrepreneurship Development (BIRED) to provide training to rural youth in various income generating skills and activities. It was established in 2007 jointly by the Government of Andhra Pradesh, National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development {NABARD) and five leading Public Sector Banks working in the state. The Institute, a first of its kind in India, is registered as a not-for-profit society under Andhra Pradesh Societies Registration Act, 2001. After bifurcation of the state, the Institute is serving both the states of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. The district officers of SSSSO are responsible for intake of trainees and arrangements at the training venue, while BIRED provides support for trainer costs, boarding and other training expenses. Training is typically taken to the doorstep of trainees. BIRED arranges for trainers to visit various districts and impart training to the youth. It also has its own in-campus training programmes.
During the year 2018-19, 55 programmes were conducted for unemployed rural youth with a participation of 1 ,894 trainees. Various training programmes were offered over the course of the year that included mobile servicing, accounting package Tally with GST, PC hardware and laptop servicing, domestic electrical services and agricultural pump set repair {all for men}; tailoring and fashion designing, MS-Office, Zardosi and Maggam works, beauty parlour management and, accounting package Tally with GST {all for women). Other innovative programmes offered recently include a new course called “GST with Tally ERP 9 proficiency” to unemployed B. Com graduates; and training of women auto drivers in a programme called “SHE AUTO” at Tirupati. A hundred women have been trained so far under this programme. Loans were sanctioned by Andhra Bank to 54 She-Auto drivers to the tune of ₹81 lakhs.
SSSSO has found that such collaborations are rewarding and productive when organizations like BIRED bring in expertise, resources and a mission that aligns with the objectives of SSSSO’s service programmes.

The Csr Funding Model-tamil Nadu

RVTC at Thirukurungudi (Tirune!veti District, Tamil Nadu)
Sri Sathya Sai Seva Organisations Tamil Nadu have been successful in running RVTCs focused on plumbing. electrical and mechanical sldlls by tapping into CSR funds. Sustained corporate support by TVS Motor Company has been instrumental in setting up two such RVTCs-one in Thirukurungudi (Tirunelvefi District} that has been running since 2005 and, the second one in Padovedu {Tiruvonnomoloi District} that was inaugurated in 2018. The CSR support includes initial establishment costs, operational expenses, trainer costs and materials.
The two Centres also supplement the above core training with computer classes and other life-skills like Yoga, Spoken English and spiritual classes. Both training facilities ore well-equipped with leased space (4,000 square feet in Thirukurungudi and 2,000 square feet in Padavedu), work benches, chairs, tables, writing and display boards, computers, fans, charts. cut samples of plumbing and electrical materials, and a store of tools.
Botches runs for three months each, with sessions running for four hours every day {Monday -Friday). Trainees in the age group of 18 to 35, travel to the Centre from villages in a 2Q-35 la’n radius from the Centres. Each batch accommodates between 10 and 25 trainees. The Thirukurungudi Centre has graduated 380 trainees over 19 batches, while the newer Padavedu Centre has graduated 50 trainees in two batches. Students are given an electrical and plumbing tool kit at graduation. The detailed curriculum imports both theory and practical lessons in equal measure over the course of the training. The practical training includes on-the-job training at a work site.
Both Centres report impressive placement figures. Nearly 70% of the trainees have secured jobs while the rest are self-employed in and around their villages. Trainees have joined companies like TVS, Able Tech, Kirloskar, Wind farm, and CPCL. A few have secured government jobs. Average salaries reported are about ₹12,000 per month.
Both RVTCs have found that sustained delivery of the programmes, maintaining high quality and integrity of the training, and achieving maximum employability (whether self-employment or in companies} are all outcomes that are possible due to the CSR model, where the entire funding for the training centres is borne by TVS Motors.

The Corpus Fund Model Andhra Pradesh

Rural youth in Anantapur district have benefited from the three-month residential training in electrical and plumbing trades imparted at the Tadipatri RVTC. More than 150 youth have completed the training since the inception of the Centre in November 2014. Each batch consists of ten trainees who travel to the RVTC from all over the district to

undergo training. The residential component of the training is therefore helpful since youth hailing from as far away as 80 kms from Tadipatri have benefited from the training.

RVTC Tadipatri was set up by the Sri Sathya Sai Trust of Andhra Pradesh following a donation of ₹78 lakhs by an individual donor. The donation helped the Trust to set up a corpus towards the RVTC, buy equipment for the training centre and organize infrastructure to get the training centre off to a start quickly.

Three paid trainers (one full time and two-part time} are tasked with training the youth in all aspects related to electrical and plumbing trades so that at the end of the training, the trainees are well placed to either find jobs for themselves or practice the trade in their own villages. Male candidates from the district who are in the age group of 18-25

years and have passed Class X are eligible to join the training programme. Out of the 150 trainees so far, 90% are self-employed. At the end of the training, such trainees are provided with a Bosch tool kit costing about ~3,500, which is of immense help, especially for starting off their own businesses.

Of the 1 0% who have secured jobs, some are Line Men in their villages, a few work in Tirupati at a Battery company, some have joined KIA Motors in Penukonda and a couple of trainees work in Hyderabad. The 90% that are self-employed are running small businesses in their own and surrounding villages. This is important because one of the aims of such RVTCs is to prevent the distress flight to cities for jobs, by providing training and means of employment in rural areas.

The Centre reports that trainees who have secured jobs earn in the range of ~1 0,000-20,000 per month while those who are self-employed earn in the range of ~9.000-15,000 per month. The Tadipatri RVTC is able to deliver the training at nearly half the cost of the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana rates paid to vendor-training institutes/sites for similar trainings. At less than ~30,000, youth acquire a lifelong skill, and the cost of training (received

free by the trainee} is made up in a mere two months of their career. That most of them are able to stay back in their villages I homes, earn a living, and contribute to the wellbeing of their families and villages adds immeasurable value to the endeavour.

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